de Melo, J., Nouar, M. & Solleder, J.-M. (2018) Integration along the Abuja road map: A progress report. in Industries without Smokestacks edited by Richard Newfarmer, John Page, and Finn Tarp; Oxford University Press
A longer, more technical version of the same chapter is available as a Working Paper:
de Melo, J., Nouar, M. & Solleder, J.-M. (2017) Integration along the Abuja road map: A progress report. WIDER Working Paper 2017/103. Helsinki: UNU-WIDER.
This paper reviews integration among the eight African Regional Economic Communities by comparing their characteristics and progress with three other South–South Regional Integration Arrangements. Three conclusions emerge: (i) slow progress towards meeting overly ambitious objectives; (ii) small changes in the destination of trade across all Regional Economic Communities, indicative of persistent high trade costs and few new manufactures products destined for geographically close markets; and (iii) compared with other South–South Regional Integration Arrangements, the Regional Economic Communities include a high number of provisions not covered in Word Trade Organization negotiations, but these have low legal enforceability. Reasons for this slow progress are explored in the paper.